c#


phpseclib rsa decryption return false


I'm trying to implement public-private key encryption/decryption for c# server and website. If I encrypt with the public key on PHP I can easily decrypt it using the private key, but when I encrypt the data in C# with the public key I cannot decrypt it with the private key on PHP. Basically, return nothing (or false from var_dump).
C#
var pkey = $"<RSAKeyValue>\r\n\t<Modulus>MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQCsaxzQmdhvuM+yjJJgpVHUr0DW 3XbAr/sWbSdceanVX7IhccU8XCGurrM7rNYWhyIBzD8/RGGnqupfdt3rsNYvMKMO rU6thBEDBUVYJO58olDgW7ACbd/u95/0uRPzwGeqDQUn565iDfMyU6+jjaoGn7+D 5D0Bt8x6mLiu43y0zQIDAQAB</Modulus>\r\n\t<Exponent>AQAB</Exponent>\r\n</RSAKeyValue>";
//Encrypting the text using the public key
cipher = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();
cipher.FromXmlString(pkey);
byte[] data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(message);
byte[] cipherText = cipher.Encrypt(data, false);
var encrypted = Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
Console.WriteLine(encrypted);
C# code image
From PHP
$rsa = new RSA();
$rsa->loadKey('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');
$convert = base64_decode("CkR7GLQZFUHLcFnhMGxsLYX/4rbrOM+NaXFLyTED3H+xbTChLsXRBQTGo7Xme44b4+/1c7SWahah/FI4gqFx5aDJ1olUmvUR/cto2X7QjBbIBJiFmXRAokbyyBBZ14v8iFqHwunv6Yc+5k/kO/fMK41mJn8xQms+K79CERkCASB7W3dxAFqh06Ksq/Mi9HwW0RakIsbHsdhu3hGQQy4d4h5J");
var_dump($rsa->decrypt($convert));
Note: Those keys are not real and they are generated for development purpose
Link to testing environment code
Wrong padding scheme
You have to use the exact same padding scheme for this to work.
The false in cipher.Encrypt(data, false) disables OAEP. So, PKCS#1 v1.5 padding will be used for encryption.
You have to set the following to use the same padding scheme:
$rsa->setEncryptionMode(RSA::ENCRYPTION_PKCS1);
Broken keys
Keep in mind that you need to use proper keys for that. You seem to be using keys from here for testing purposes.
If we decode the public key, we get this in Hex:
modulus = 94 FB 56 CB 7C F9 9C 63 BA AB 17 F7 53 6C 0B 6E 26 5B F8 47 F1 55 73 55 84 1F D1 CA 53 48 D0 8D 7F E7 FD D6 FD BF 3F F1 D2 2D ED 7B F6 CA 2C D1 1C C1 48 41 BB E3 D6 3E 73 AD FE A5 54 44 6F 41 51 3E 91 B0 24 45 52 7D 02 C8 68 94 2A 8C B8 E6 8F 4A FE 62 40 1E 66 EB 36 DA D4 07 A7 24 AD 82 C5 EF 96 39 D2 75 0D B0 15 47 50 3C 3C C9 0C A6 9A 23 81 4F 58 1C FC A3 39 B3 5C 53 CF 8E 0B 33
exponent = 01 00 01
We can use this tool to convert this Hex representation to a Base64 representation. Remember, do not transmit your private key if you want to transform it. Your public key for C# would look like this:
<RSAKeyValue><Modulus>lPtWy3z5nGO6qxf3U2wLbiZb+EfxVXNVhB/RylNI0I1/5/3W/b8/8dIt7Xv2yizRHMFIQbvj1j5zrf6lVERvQVE+kbAkRVJ9AsholCqMuOaPSv5iQB5m6zba1AenJK2Cxe+WOdJ1DbAVR1A8PMkMppojgU9YHPyjObNcU8+OCzM=</Modulus><Exponent>AQAB</Exponent></RSAKeyValue>
Now to your private key. PHP supports multiline strings. Use them! You tried to reduce your private key to a single line and because of that, you made a mistake. Newline characters are \n not /n.
Solution
C# example:
var pkey = "<RSAKeyValue><Modulus>lPtWy3z5nGO6qxf3U2wLbiZb+EfxVXNVhB/RylNI0I1/5/3W/b8/8dIt7Xv2yizRHMFIQbvj1j5zrf6lVERvQVE+kbAkRVJ9AsholCqMuOaPSv5iQB5m6zba1AenJK2Cxe+WOdJ1DbAVR1A8PMkMppojgU9YHPyjObNcU8+OCzM=</Modulus><Exponent>AQAB</Exponent></RSAKeyValue>";
var cipher = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();
cipher.FromXmlString(pkey);
byte[] data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("some message");
byte[] cipherText = cipher.Encrypt(data, false);
var encrypted = Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
Console.WriteLine(encrypted);
C# output:
kRyQsT55mQWmjQ0n1GbXOpaoMvng/BDNWk/0S2G4cqsKD1Fm7ktFdQIvnGlY6kbPXY0unwzGHbBpUGrALOITeyPHCRdsGIGVUc2O0lqI74QROloyoShXwX7TyAwzLJB6yiVSM7SDpy/6wJ5XkHLZRJu9KxmFrIBgOB9+b2x6C4A=
PHP example:
use \phpseclib\Crypt\RSA;
$private_key = "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----";
$rsa = new RSA();
var_dump($rsa->loadKey($private_key));
$rsa->setEncryptionMode(RSA::ENCRYPTION_PKCS1);
$convert = base64_decode("kRyQsT55mQWmjQ0n1GbXOpaoMvng/BDNWk/0S2G4cqsKD1Fm7ktFdQIvnGlY6kbPXY0unwzGHbBpUGrALOITeyPHCRdsGIGVUc2O0lqI74QROloyoShXwX7TyAwzLJB6yiVSM7SDpy/6wJ5XkHLZRJu9KxmFrIBgOB9+b2x6C4A=");
var_dump($rsa->decrypt($convert));
PHP output:
bool(true)
string(12) "some message"

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