c#


Get free disk space


Given each of the inputs below, I'd like to get free space on that location. Something like
long GetFreeSpace(string path)
Inputs:
c:
c:\
c:\temp
\\server
\\server\C\storage
DriveInfo will help you with some of those (but it doesn't work with UNC paths), but really I think you will need to use GetDiskFreeSpaceEx. You can probably achieve some functionality with WMI. GetDiskFreeSpaceEx looks like your best bet.
Chances are you will probably have to clean up your paths to get it to work properly.
this works for me...
using System.IO;
private long GetTotalFreeSpace(string driveName)
{
foreach (DriveInfo drive in DriveInfo.GetDrives())
{
if (drive.IsReady && drive.Name == driveName)
{
return drive.TotalFreeSpace;
}
}
return -1;
}
good luck!
Working code snippet using GetDiskFreeSpaceEx from link by RichardOD.
// Pinvoke for API function
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
[return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
public static extern bool GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(string lpDirectoryName,
out ulong lpFreeBytesAvailable,
out ulong lpTotalNumberOfBytes,
out ulong lpTotalNumberOfFreeBytes);
public static bool DriveFreeBytes(string folderName, out ulong freespace)
{
freespace = 0;
if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(folderName))
{
throw new ArgumentNullException("folderName");
}
if (!folderName.EndsWith("\\"))
{
folderName += '\\';
}
ulong free = 0, dummy1 = 0, dummy2 = 0;
if (GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(folderName, out free, out dummy1, out dummy2))
{
freespace = free;
return true;
}
else
{
return false;
}
}
untested:
using System;
using System.Management;
ManagementObject disk = new
ManagementObject("win32_logicaldisk.deviceid="c:"");
disk.Get();
Console.WriteLine("Logical Disk Size = " + disk["Size"] + " bytes");
Console.WriteLine("Logical Disk FreeSpace = " + disk["FreeSpace"] + "
bytes");
Btw what is the outcome of free diskspace on c:\temp ? you will get the space free of c:\
see this article!
identify UNC par or local drive path by searching index of ":"
if its is UNC PATH you cam map UNC path
code to execute drive name is mapped drive name < UNC Mapped Drive or Local Drive>.
using System.IO;
private long GetTotalFreeSpace(string driveName)
{
foreach (DriveInfo drive in DriveInfo.GetDrives())
{
if (drive.IsReady && drive.Name == driveName)
{
return drive.TotalFreeSpace;
}
}
return -1;
}
unmap after you requirement done.
I was looking for the size in GB, so I just improved the code from Superman above with the following changes:
public double GetTotalHDDSize(string driveName)
{
foreach (DriveInfo drive in DriveInfo.GetDrives())
{
if (drive.IsReady && drive.Name == driveName)
{
return drive.TotalSize / (1024 * 1024 * 1024);
}
}
return -1;
}
I wanted a similar method for my project but in my case the input paths were either from local disk volumes or clustered storage volumes (CSVs). So DriveInfo class did not work for me. CSVs have a mount point under another drive, typically C:\ClusterStorage\Volume*. Note that C: will be a different Volume than C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1
This is what I finally came up with:
public static ulong GetFreeSpaceOfPathInBytes(string path)
{
if ((new Uri(path)).IsUnc)
{
throw new NotImplementedException("Cannot find free space for UNC path " + path);
}
ulong freeSpace = 0;
int prevVolumeNameLength = 0;
foreach (ManagementObject volume in
new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Volume").Get())
{
if (UInt32.Parse(volume["DriveType"].ToString()) > 1 && // Is Volume monuted on host
volume["Name"] != null && // Volume has a root directory
path.StartsWith(volume["Name"].ToString(), StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) // Required Path is under Volume's root directory
)
{
// If multiple volumes have their root directory matching the required path,
// one with most nested (longest) Volume Name is given preference.
// Case: CSV volumes monuted under other drive volumes.
int currVolumeNameLength = volume["Name"].ToString().Length;
if ((prevVolumeNameLength == 0 || currVolumeNameLength > prevVolumeNameLength) &&
volume["FreeSpace"] != null
)
{
freeSpace = ulong.Parse(volume["FreeSpace"].ToString());
prevVolumeNameLength = volume["Name"].ToString().Length;
}
}
}
if (prevVolumeNameLength > 0)
{
return freeSpace;
}
throw new Exception("Could not find Volume Information for path " + path);
}
As this answer and #RichardOD suggested , you should do like this:
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true, CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
[return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
static extern bool GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(string lpDirectoryName,
out ulong lpFreeBytesAvailable,
out ulong lpTotalNumberOfBytes,
out ulong lpTotalNumberOfFreeBytes);
ulong FreeBytesAvailable;
ulong TotalNumberOfBytes;
ulong TotalNumberOfFreeBytes;
bool success = GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(#"\\mycomputer\myfolder",
out FreeBytesAvailable,
out TotalNumberOfBytes,
out TotalNumberOfFreeBytes);
if(!success)
throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception();
Console.WriteLine("Free Bytes Available: {0,15:D}", FreeBytesAvailable);
Console.WriteLine("Total Number Of Bytes: {0,15:D}", TotalNumberOfBytes);
Console.WriteLine("Total Number Of FreeBytes: {0,15:D}", TotalNumberOfFreeBytes);
using System;
using System.IO;
class Test
{
public static void Main()
{
DriveInfo[] allDrives = DriveInfo.GetDrives();
foreach (DriveInfo d in allDrives)
{
Console.WriteLine("Drive {0}", d.Name);
Console.WriteLine(" Drive type: {0}", d.DriveType);
if (d.IsReady == true)
{
Console.WriteLine(" Volume label: {0}", d.VolumeLabel);
Console.WriteLine(" File system: {0}", d.DriveFormat);
Console.WriteLine(
" Available space to current user:{0, 15} bytes",
d.AvailableFreeSpace);
Console.WriteLine(
" Total available space: {0, 15} bytes",
d.TotalFreeSpace);
Console.WriteLine(
" Total size of drive: {0, 15} bytes ",
d.TotalSize);
}
}
}
}
/*
This code produces output similar to the following:
Drive A:\
Drive type: Removable
Drive C:\
Drive type: Fixed
Volume label:
File system: FAT32
Available space to current user: 4770430976 bytes
Total available space: 4770430976 bytes
Total size of drive: 10731683840 bytes
Drive D:\
Drive type: Fixed
Volume label:
File system: NTFS
Available space to current user: 15114977280 bytes
Total available space: 15114977280 bytes
Total size of drive: 25958948864 bytes
Drive E:\
Drive type: CDRom
The actual output of this code will vary based on machine and the permissions
granted to the user executing it.
*/

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